Yellow pinE: (Pinus echinata) Ratings 1 to 5 (best):
1x4 through 1x12 C & Btr rough
1x4 through 1x12 #2 & Btr
5/4x4 through 5/4x12 C & Btr rough
2x4 through 2x12 C & Btr rough
2×4 through 2x12 #2 & Btr
Native to extreme southeastern New York and New Jersey west to Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, easter Kentucky, southern Illinois and souther Missouri south to eastern Oklahoma and eastern Texas east to norther Florida and Georgia.
The sapwood of shortleaf pine is a yellowish white, while the heartwood is a reddish brown. In old, slow-growth trees, sapwood may be only 1 to 2 inches in width. The wood of shortleaf pine is very heavy and strong, very stiff, hard and moderately high in shock resistance. It also has a straight grain, medium texture and is difficult to work with hand tools. All the southern pines have moderately large shrinkage but are stable when properly seasoned.
Working Properties: Shortleaf pine is difficult to work with hand tools. It ranks high in nail holding capacity, but there may be difficulty in gluing.
Construction of factories, warehouses, bridges, trestles, and docks in the form of stringers, and for roof trusses, beams, posts, joists, and piles. Lumber of lower density and strength finds many uses for building material, such as interior finish, sheathing, subflooring, and joists and for boxes, pallets, and crates.